Myanmar: A Country of Rich and Diverse Culture
The history of Myanmar dates back to 3,000 B.C. when the Mon people settled the area. Much later, roughly 628 AD, the Pyu civilization established a capitol in the vicinity of modern-day Prome. The area of Myanmar became a unified country throughout the Pagan Kingdom from 1044 – 1077. The kingdom was encouraged by family taxes and therefore fell into decline due to over-spending on pagodas. However, the existence of European countries had little impact on Myanmar until the infringement on the Raj in Bengal. This led directly to the British occupation of the boundaries of these states. After 60 decades, the British had complete control over Myanmar.
On a positive note, the British occupation transformed Myanmar to the world’s most prominent rice exporter. But, there was a flood of Indian and Chinese immigrants who often enjoyed exploiting the Burman people. World War II was a period of political change in Myanmar. When the war ended, the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) attempted to obtain independence for Myanmar and triumphed in their efforts in 1947. Only three months later, the pioneer of AFPFL and most of his cabinet have been assassinated.
The status of Myanmar actually started to go back in 1962 when General Ne Win overthrew the government and began putting a socialist government. The economy crumbled as the black economy jumped. Many citizens lost their status if their ancestors weren’t a part of the”original” Myanmar populations. Following the populous had had enough, what with all the devaluation of their currency, they revolted with riots and public letters. Eventually, Ne Win stepped down in 1988. Months of chaos followed with protests, looting and a brutal police force. Thousands perished in Yangon and different areas of the nation.
Later in 1988, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was formed to bring law and order back to Myanmar – e visa Myanmar
. In 1993, the SLORC decided a national convention to draft a new constitution for the nation, asking that the army be given a main government function. The convention wasn’t conducted democratically, so the members that were also a part of the National League for Democracy (NLD) literally flew off. Despite the country’s important resources, its development is hindered today by the continually unsettled politics there.